have become popular. Economy or expanding the abbreviation to its full form and then making the possessive (for example, "the United States' economy. The PSC's members full designations are "Member of the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China" this was eventually drastically reduced to simply Changwei with the term Ruchang used increasingly for officials. 42 As mnemonics edit Acronyms are often taught as mnemonic devices, for example in physics the colors of the visible spectrum are said to be " ROY. McWilliam, Charles Kingsford Smith, Prime Minister of New Zealand Joseph Coates, Charles Ulm and.A. Pronunciation-dependent style and case edit Some publications choose to capitalize only the first letter of acronyms, reserving all-caps styling for initialisms, writing the pronounced acronyms "Nato" and "Aids" in mixed case, but the initialisms "USA" and "FBI" in all caps. Such house styles also usually disfavor bold or italic font for the initial letters. Along the same vein, Zhongguo Zhongyang Dianshi Tai was reduced to Yangshi in the mid-2000s. For the use of acronyms on Wikipedia, see. "Acronyms (and other forms of abbreviation Department of Homeland Security, ".
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For example, the army offense of being absent without official leave was abbreviated to ".W.O.L. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. For example, "pre-wwii politics "post-nato world " DNAase ". The acronyms " AD " and " BC " are often smallcapped as well, as in: "From 4004 bc to ad 525". Acronyms pronounced as words are rare in Vietnamese, occurring when an acronym itself is borrowed from another language. It gives students a way to review the meanings of the acronyms introduced in a chapter after they have done the line-by-line reading, and also a way to quiz themselves on the meanings (by covering up the expansion column and. The name is thus itself more symbol than acronym, and its expansion cannot replace it while preserving its function in natural syntax as a name within a clause clearly parsable by human readers or listeners. 46 Orthographic styling edit Punctuation edit Showing the ellipsis of letters edit In English, abbreviations have traditionally been written with a full stop/period/point in place of the deleted part to show the ellipsis of lettersalthough the colon and. Acronyms as legendary etymology edit See also: Backronym It is not uncommon for acronyms to be cited in a kind of false etymology, called a folk etymology, for a word. If they like he thought, "but that's the only difference.
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Dart, James (December 14, 2005). This mechanism is limited to Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary. Fowler's Modern English Usage (Third Revised.). In common usage, therefore, "weapons of mass destruction" becomes "WMDs "prisoners of war" becomes "POWs and "runs batted in" becomes "RBIs". For example, the style of some American publications, including the Atlantic Monthly and USA Today, is to use small caps for fotmassasje enklere liv g punktet hos jenter
acronyms longer than three letters citation needed ; thus "U.S." and " FDR " in normal caps, but "nato" in small caps. The Indonesian military (TNI Tentara Nasional Indonesia ) and Indonesian police (polri Kepolisian Republik Indonesia ) are infamous for heavy acronyms use. Longer examples include chxhcnvn ( Cng hòa X hi ch ngha Vit Nam, Socialist Republic of Vietnam ) and mtdtgpmnvn ( Mt trn Dân tc Gii phóng min Nam Vit Nam, Viet Cong ). "acronym." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, accessed May 2, 2006: "a word (as nato, radar, or laser) formed from the initial letter or letters of each of the successive parts or major parts of a compound term; also: an abbreviation (as FBI). Non-Chinese foreign borrowings ( gairaigo ) are instead frequently abbreviated as clipped compounds, rather than acronyms, using several initial sounds. This stands for Many highways are also named by the acronym method;.g. 442, isbn.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ( link ) a b "Language Log: Orphan initialisms". "Cambridge Dictionary - English Dictionary, Translations Thesaurus". Acronyms result from a word formation process known as blending, in which parts of two or more words are combined to form a new word. Vietnamese edit In Vietnamese, which has an abundance of compound words, initialisms are very commonly used for both proper and common nouns. The logic of this style is that the pronunciation is reflected graphically by the capitalization scheme. Retrieved April 3, 2015. Large numbers may use metric prefixes, as with " Y2K " for "Year 2000" (sometimes written "Y2k because the SI symbol for 1000 is "k"not "K which stands for " kelvin. The pronunciation of an acronym is based on the typical rules of pronouncing words in a language and is not made up of the sounds of the names of individual letters. "A pronounceable word formed from the initial letters of each word or selected words in a phrase (e.g., aids. Having a key at the start or end of the publication obviates skimming over the text searching for an earlier use to find the expansion. Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (2003 Barnes Noble. Such terms are also called initialisms. Port Out, Starboard Home: And Other Language Myths. 35 In English, acronyms pronounced as words may be a 20th-century phenomenon. In describing such abbreviations, the term initialism is inapplicable. 'Batman Robin' to Master Biology, Outdo Evolution". Thus EC (European Community FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation and VCR (videocassette recorder). Other conventions edit When a multiple-letter abbreviation is formed from a single word, periods are in general not used, although they may be common in informal usage. Citation needed Redundant acronyms and RAS syndrome edit Main article: RAS syndrome Rebranding can lead to redundant acronym syndrome, as when Trustee Savings Bank became TSB Bank, or when Railway Express Agency became "REA Express".